The average account balance grew nearly 12 percent last year, Fidelity Investments said on Thursday. The average was $77,300 at the end of 2012, up from $69,100 a year earlier, according to Fidelity, the nation’s largest 401(k) administrator.
The average balance is up sharply since the stock market hit bottom in early 2009, following the financial crisis. Back then, the average was $46,200.
The Standard & Poor’s 500 stock index was up nearly 7 percent for the year through Wednesday. So it’s likely that account balances will climb further when first-quarter numbers are in for the 12 million 401(k) accounts that Fidelity administers.
In the final three months of last year, 401(k) balances rose a modest 2 percent. The average balance was $75,900 at the end of the third quarter.
The S&P 500 and a broad U.S. bond market index finished the fourth quarter largely unchanged, although there was plenty of drama. Stocks tumbled following President barack Obama’s re-election as it appeared talks to avert the “fiscal cliff” would become fiercely partisan. But the market recovered as negotiators slowly made progress, ultimately reaching a Jan. 1 deal to avoid severe tax increases and delay spending cuts.
For the full year, the S&P 500 posted a return of 16 percent and bonds were up about 4 percent.
Fidelity estimates that about two-thirds of last year’s increase in the average 401(k) balance was attributed to investment returns and one-third to worker contributions and employer matches.
Over the past 10 years, those two components have played a roughly equal role in boosting account balances, with 53 percent attributed to contributions and 47 percent to market gains.
“You really need to contribute to your account, because those contributions have an equal weighting to the market appreciation over the long term,” says Beth McHugh, vice president of market insights at Boston-based Fidelity.
Investment earnings and contributions can grow tax-free in an employer-sponsored 401(k) account, which is a key reason why they’re a popular way to save for retirement.
The average employee contribution in Fidelity-administered 401(k) plans has remained steady at around 8 percent of annual pay for the past four years.