The water table has dropped almost 20 feet since January due to the persistent drought that has plagued nearly all of New Mexico for the last three years. And the community’s one has collapsed, leaving about 1,000 residents and several businesses without water Wednesday when the level dropped below the well’s pump.
Matt Holmes with the New Mexico Rural Water Association says the problem is a combination of drought and infrastructure.
Magdalena officials have put in a request with the state engineer’s office to drill a new well, but that could take a week or two. For now, the community will have to rely on water tenders from Socorro and White Sands Missile Range.
“We’re delivering potable water to residents, especially the elderly and small children we’re concerned about,” village Marshal Larry Cearley said. “We can only deliver so much water for so long.”
The village is also ordering cases of water from stores in nearby Socorro.
Magdalena is not alone. Across the state’s eastern plains, livestock wells stand empty and ranchers are selling their cattle. Domestic wells near Santa Fe and Las Vegas have been going dry and reservoirs across the state have reached record lows.
Albuquerque, Santa Fe and other cities have imposed watering restrictions in an effort to conserve heading into what is expected to be another hot, dry summer.
The state’s top water official, State Engineer Scott Verhines, has acknowledged that New Mexico is under tremendous pressure due to the drought. Last month, he required irrigators, municipalities and industry in eastern New Mexico to install meters on their underground wells to monitor how much water is being pumped. Water users in the lower Rio Grande already monitor their wells with meters.
Cearley said Wednesday that Magdalena has applied to the state engineer’s office for the last four years to get a second well drilled and has been denied each time. He added that money to do the work has also been tight.
The state engineer’s office did not immediately return messages seeking comment.
Business owners in Magdalena were meeting Wednesday afternoon with officials from the state Environment Department to discuss how the water shortage might affect the village’s cafes, convenience store and motel.
Cearley said summer school has also started so drinking water will be needed for the students.
“We’re working on every angle,” he said. “We’re keeping our fingers crossed.”