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Records of abuse of detainees should be retained

The controversy over the seizure of migrant children and another that is unfolding over the harsh treatment of the 39,000 detainees in the custody of Immigration and Customs Enforcement has obscured a battle raging largely off the public’s radar: whether ICE should be allowed to destroy its official records of the physical and sexual abuse of … detainees.

ICE’s plans, first submitted to the National Archives and Records Administration in 2015 with revisions in 2017, set off a minor furor; the American Civil Liberties Union last year gathered more than 24,700 signatures in opposition to ICE’s proposal and others, including members of the U.S. House and Senate, complained as well.

ICE is still tinkering with its proposal and has not abandoned its request for permission to destroy its records despite fierce opposition from such groups as the American Historical Association…

The proposal is troubling for a couple of reasons. NARA has a nasty habit of rubber-stamping controversial document destruction plans like this one. The other is that the records, even if they are biased in ICE’s favor, can substantially corroborate the reports of harsh detention conditions that are emerging. One advocacy group, Freedom for Immigrants, counted 800 allegations of abuse motivated by hate or bias since President Donald Trump took office.

The reports are damning. A private detention facility in Tacoma, Wash., sits in a toxic, sludge-filled Superfund site and has been the subject of (many) complaints against its staff for physical and sexual assault. At facilities in California, numerous incidents of sexual abuse have been alleged. In Arizona, two former detention facility workers (are)accused of molesting nine migrant teens… The nonprofit news site ProPublica has documented 125 reports of alleged sexual abuse at ICE facilities for children since 2014.

Nationwide, more than half of those who have been accused of sexual abuse have been ICE employees. LGBTQ detainees are particularly susceptible to abuse, experiencing a reported 97 times more incidents of sexual assault than other detainees. One report speculates that sexual assault and harassment in immigration detention “are not only widespread but systemic, and enabled by an agency (ICE) that regularly fails to hold itself accountable.”

Elsewhere, at a Staunton, Va., facility for juveniles, migrant teens were routinely beaten while handcuffed, according to filings in federal court. In Georgia, the owner of the 1,700-bed private prison in Lumpkin is, according to a class-action lawsuit…, forcing detainees to clean, cook and perform other tasks for as little as $1 day – and no more than $4 for a double shift – maximizing the owner’s profits. And in New Jersey, an exhaustive study by the group Human Rights First found detainees are being given “food with maggots, dirty drinking water … and shoddy medical and mental health care.” It also documented the use of solitary confinement for such “infractions” as requesting medical treatment and filing grievances.

At other facilities, published reports claim that detainees have been put in solitary confinement for praying and that medical care is often delayed or denied.

President Trump has called the migrants “animals” and has repeatedly cast them as gang members, drug dealers and rapists who will usher in a tidal wave of crime if allowed into the country.

Scholars dispute his claims. The libertarian Cato Institute concluded in June that “the vast majority of research finds that immigrants (in Texas) do not increase local crime rates and are less likely to cause crime and less likely to be incarcerated than their native-born peers.” In debasing the migrants, Trump is following in the footsteps of tyrants throughout history who have scapegoated minorities, often with catastrophic results.

NARA should reject ICE’s proposal. ICE’s records confirm the reports of advocacy groups, the news media and others about the deplorable conditions faced by migrant detainees, who are often treated no better … than many convicted felons.

Spanish philosopher George Santayana famously observed that if we don’t learn from history, we’re doomed to repeat it. But to learn from it, we need to record it first.

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