A. Yes that statement is correct. Sugar is a carbohydrate and yet sugar should be cut back to the recommended amounts. But what is being referred to here are the simple sugars that are often added to processed foods that need to be cut back. These are recommendations from the American Heart Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Carbohydrates, or CHO, are molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, having varying lengths and shapes. The most common ones are the simple sugars (e.g., glucose, fructose, the sugar found in fruits; sucrose, found in cane sugar; and lactose, the sugar found in milk), and then the complex sugars like starch, and indigestible fibers.
CHO make up one of three major nutrient groups – the other two being fat and protein.