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Doña Ana County employee sues over COVID-19 vaccine mandate

LAS CRUCES – A Doña Ana County Detention Center officer facing termination for declining a COVID-19 vaccination is suing county manager Fernando Macias and detention center officials over the mandate.

The complaint stems from a directive Macias issued in January requiring that county-employed first responders, sheriff’s deputies, firefighters and detention center officers receive a vaccine against the novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, which causes the disease.

Detention officer Isaac Legareta claims in a federal complaint that mandating employees take vaccines that are not yet fully approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration violates the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

The vaccines developed by Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna were both approved for emergency use in December, while a third vaccine under development by Johnson & Johnson was authorized on Saturday. All three are undergoing the clinical trial process.

Federal law requires disclosures to individuals about an unapproved product, including risks and benefits with “the option to accept or refuse administration of the product, of the consequences, if any, of refusing administration of the product, and of the alternatives to the product that are available, and of their benefits and risks.”

The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s advisory committee on immunization practices stated last summer in public session that vaccines under emergency use authorizations may not be mandated.

In his memo, Macias wrote that, unless employees were granted an accommodation, “being vaccinated is a requirement and a condition of ongoing employment with the County due to the significant health and safety risks posed by contracting or spreading COVID-19.”

Legareta states in the complaint that he has been written up at work and threatened with losing his job if he does not take the vaccine, in violation of the law. A personnel memo dated Feb. 17 attached to the complaint orders Legareta to submit proof that he has received a shot or registered on the state’s COVID-19 vaccine registry within five days.

The lawsuit seeks an injunction against termination by the county, or reinstatement if he is fired before a ruling. He is barred from seeking monetary damages for any retaliatory discharge under state law.

Legareta is seeking a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction from further enforcement action, as well as further disciplinary action or termination as a consequence for non-compliance.

His attorney, Nancy Ana Garner of Santa Fe, had previously sent the county a cease-and-desist letter, as well as a notice of impending litigation. Garner wrote on behalf of New Mexico Stands Up, a group that opposes COVID-19 public health emergency directives.

The complaint names detention center director Bryan Baker and Capt. Ben Mendoza, as well as Macias, as defendants.

When reached on Monday afternoon, the county confirmed it had received the complaint and request for a temporary restraining order, but formal process had not yet been served.

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