The team will share U.S. intelligence and provide investigative help, not military force, in the search for the students, who were kidnapped April 14 from a rural high school in Nigeria’s Muslim-dominated northeast.
The deployment will mark the first public American assistance in a case that has sparked international outrage. The U.S. announcement came after the leader of Boko Haram vowed in a video to sell the girls as slaves, and after gunmen reportedly took at least eight more girls from another village overnight.
President Barack Obama spoke out on the abductions for the first time Tuesday, calling them “heartbreaking” and “outrageous.”
“You’ve got one of the worst regional or local terrorist organizations in Boko Haram in Nigeria,” he told ABC News. Obama said the Islamist group had been “killing people ruthlessly for many years now” and that the mass abduction of the students might help “mobilize the entire international community to finally do something against this horrendous organization.”
White House Press Secretary Jay Carney said the U.S. was not considering providing military resources “at this point” to help battle Boko Haram, which the State Department listed last year as a terrorist organization.
The Los Angeles Times reported in March, however, that U.S. troops were helping the Nigerian army establish a special operations command to combat the group. U.S. and French air forces fly unarmed Reaper surveillance drones over northern Nigeria, from Niamey in neighboring Niger, to collect intelligence.
The abduction has embarrassed oil-rich Nigeria, which will host the World Economic Forum on Africa in the capital, Abuja, beginning today. President Goodluck Jonathan, who has faced angry protests over the government’s inability to find the girls, requested help Sunday from the U.S., Britain, France and China.
Secretary of State John F. Kerry told reporters at the State Department that he had spoken with Jonathan on Tuesday and that the Nigerian leader had accepted the American offer.
Kerry said the U.S. Embassy in Abuja was prepared to form a “coordination cell that could provide expertise on intelligence, investigations and hostage negotiations, and to help facilitate information-sharing and victim assistance.”
“We remain deeply concerned about the welfare of these young girls, and we want to provide whatever assistance is possible in order to help for their safe return to their families,” Kerry said.
On Capitol Hill, all 20 women in the Senate signed a letter asking Obama to pressure the United Nations Security Council to acknowledge Boko Haram’s ties to al-Qaida and to ask the U.N. to consider international sanctions. The group has already been cut off from U.S. financial institutions.
“These girls were captured and kidnapped 22 days ago, and time is of the essence,” Carney said. “Appropriate action must be taken to locate and to free these young women before they are trafficked or killed.”
Boko Haram’s shadowy leader, Abubakar Shekau, has a $7 million U.S. bounty on his head. He said in a video that surfaced Monday that God had commanded him to sell women in the market, adding that girls should marry, not go to school.
An April report by the International Crisis Group think tank said Boko Haram “has grown more ruthless, violent and destructive” since Shekau became leader in 2009. The group’s fighters are dispersed in northeastern Nigeria and in nearby Cameroon and Niger.
The sect opposes secular education and Western culture and says Nigerian schools are turning young people away from Islam. Its name translates from the Hausa language as “Western education is a sin,” and the group is bitterly opposed to democracy.
The group, modeled on Afghanistan’s extremist Taliban movement, mounted an insurgency in northern Nigeria in the early 2000s, targeting symbols of government authority such as military barracks, police stations and politicians.
But it switched to civilian targets in recent years, leaving the country’s north in military lockdown. The group is blamed for attacking churches, a bus station, school dormitories and villages. In February, gunmen believed to be from Boko Haram killed dozens of students at a school in Yobe state, slitting the throats of some and locking others in dormitories that were then set ablaze.
Despite staging major assaults that left hundreds dead in two towns, Boko Haram gained widespread international notice only after last month’s mass abduction of the schoolgirls.
Fear of further attacks has led to the shuttering of schools in the region. The abducted girls had gathered from many district schools so they could take exams, but the gunmen easily overpowered two security guards, forced the girls onto trucks and drove them into the forest.
In November, Human Rights Watch accused Boko Haram of abducting scores of women and girls, some as young as 12, to traffic them as sex slaves or to force them to become combatants.
“Witnesses described Boko Haram laying siege to towns, villages and highways; looting and burning houses, shops and vehicles; and executing and decapitating people,” the report said. They particularly targeted members of civilian vigilante groups that have sprung up in response.
Shekau took over as leader after Boko Haram’s founder, Mohammed Yusuf, was killed while in Nigerian police custody in 2009.
Described as a religious zealot of few words, Shekau occasionally releases video statements that appear designed to terrorize the country’s fearful northern population.
“I enjoy killing anyone that God commands me to kill, the way I enjoy killing chickens and rams,” he said in a video released in 2012 after an assault on the city of Kano left at least 180 people dead, many of them military men and their families.