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Methane forum attendees differ on ‘hot spot’

FILE - This undated handout image provided by NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Michigan, shows The Four Corners area, in red, left, is the major U.S. hot spot for methane emissions in this map showing how much emissions varied from average background concentrations from 2003-2009 (dark colors are lower than average; lighter colors are higher. Satellite data spotted a surprising hot spot of the potent heat-trapping gas methane over part of the American southwest. Those measurements hint that U.S. Environmental Protection Agency considerably underestimates leaks of natural gas, also called methane. In a new look at methane from space, the four corners area of New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona and Utah jump out in glowing red with about 1.3 million pounds of methane a year. That's about 80 percent more than the EPA figured and traps more heat than all the carbon dioxide produced yearly in Sweden. (AP Photo/NASA, JPL-Caltech, University of Michigan)

FILE – This undated handout image provided by NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Michigan, shows The Four Corners area, in red, left, is the major U.S. hot spot for methane emissions in this map showing how much emissions varied from average background concentrations from 2003-2009 (dark colors are lower than average; lighter colors are higher. Satellite data spotted a surprising hot spot of the potent heat-trapping gas methane over part of the American southwest. Those measurements hint that U.S. Environmental Protection Agency considerably underestimates leaks of natural gas, also called methane. In a new look at methane from space, the four corners area of New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona and Utah jump out in glowing red with about 1.3 million pounds of methane a year. That’s about 80 percent more than the EPA figured and traps more heat than all the carbon dioxide produced yearly in Sweden. (AP Photo/NASA, JPL-Caltech, University of Michigan)

FARMINGTON — About 100 environmentalists, former legislators and interested people filled a meeting room in Henderson Hall at San Juan College on Tuesday evening to hear about scientists’ efforts this year to pinpoint sources contributing to high levels of atmospheric methane recently detected over the Four Corners region.

The meeting was organized by the Sierra Club and other environmental groups and included a panel of area environmentalists, including Mike Eisenfeld of Durango, Colo.-based San Juan Citizens Alliance; Sister Joan Brown, executive director of Albuquerque-based New Mexico Interfaith Power and Light; Colleen Cooley of the Diné Citizens Against Ruining Our Environment; and the Sierra Club’s Robert Tohe.

Jonathan Thompson, a writer in Durango, Colo., was the featured speaker at the meeting. Thompson, who wrote on the scientists’ study of fugitive methane in the region, said the report is expected to be released next spring.

A 2014 NASA study that used satellite imagery captured between 2003 and 2009 revealed a 2,500-square-mile “hot spot” of methane in the Four Corners area.

Scientists at a forum held at the college in April that included researchers from the University of Colorado, the University of Michigan, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and NASA announced an effort to try to pin down sources of the methane that are contributing to the country’s largest regional concentration of the greenhouse gas. The described a plan to use aircraft and vans outfitted with technical equipment designed to capture finer data than the October NASA report released this summer.

An analysis of data collected on land and in the air is expected to be published in the spring, Thompson said.

Brown, a Franciscan nun, cited Pope Francis’ encyclical letter released this summer. She said the faith, environmental and other communities have a common link in the obligation to address moral and ethical issues posed by challenges like climate change.

“It’s about dialogue,” Brown said.

Former state legislator Tom Taylor said the meeting was largely an exercise in confirming the biases of those who attended.

“These people believe what they believe. They look at the world through a different pair of glasses,” Taylor said after the meeting. “They came into the room saying that it’s the fault of oil and gas development so the only facts that they are going to consider are ones that conclude that it was (the oil and gas industry).”

Erny Zah, spokesman for Navajo Transitional Energy Company, said he was interested in hearing what the public had to say about the methane issue.

Zah said the Navajo Nation-owned company’s charter states that 10 percent of revenues go toward exploring and implementing renewable energy sources. It also is a unique energy company in that it is owned by the Navajo people and has a vested stake in listening to the public on important issues related to energy and the community’s well-being, he said.

“We have a responsibility to listen to some of the concerns the community might have,” Zah said at the meeting. “Real solutions are going to require having everyone at the table, whether it’s coal, oil and gas, methane, carbon dioxide or other environmental issues. Understanding the perspective of all people involved is important.”

This summer, the Obama administration proposed cutting methane emissions from all U.S. oil and gas production by nearly half over the next decade. The effort to address climate change seeks to reduce methane from oil and gas drilling by 40 to 45 percent by 2025 compared to 2012 levels.

Natural gas is 90 percent methane, which is a greenhouse gas 80 times more potent than carbon dioxide over a 20-year time period, though not as potent over longer periods of time. New Mexico is the second leading producer of natural gas in the U.S.

James Fenton is the business editor of The Daily Times. He can be reached at 505-564-4621.

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©2015 The Daily Times (Farmington, N.M.)

Visit The Daily Times (Farmington, N.M.) at www.daily-times.com

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