Communities in New Mexico still follow centuries-old traditions that came from Spain with ceremonial blessings for the waterways that give life to the crops.
They honor the May 15 feast of San Ysidro, patron saint of laborers and farmers, with processions, singing, dancing and a blessing of local acequias.
Historical sources say Ysidro, sometimes spelled Isidro, was a Spanish peasant born around 1070 who worked on the lands of Juan de Vargas near Madrid.
According to legend he was very devout and spent so much time praying that his co-workers complained.
But when De Vargas went to check on his work, he found an angel driving the oxen to plow the field so Ysidro could continue his devotions.
Ysidro is credited with miracles such as making a spring gush by banging the ground while plowing.
It’s also said that when his only son fell into a well and Ysidro prayed, water rose in the well bringing the boy to the surface. Ysidro and his wife, María Torribia, known as Santa Maria de la Cabeza, are also revered for helping to relieve drought.
Valentin Sanchez, a resident of the Spanish city of Salamanca, said cities and villages in Spain still celebrate San Ysidro’s feast day with processions carrying a statue of the saint through the streets, blessing the fields and asking for rain. Spanish settlers who came to New Mexico 400 years ago brought the tradition of building irrigation waterways known as acequias, and the custom of venerating San Ysidro.
“It’s very much a celebrated part of acequia culture,” said Pilar Trujillo, director of community projects for the Santa Fe-based New Mexico Acequia Association.
South Valley procession
In the South Valley, residents will honor San Ysidro with a procession on Saturday, May 14.
The procession will start at 10 a.m. at the Carousel at the intersection of Isleta and Arenal and proceed along Arenal to the Sanchez Farm Open Space at Lopez Road.
Once there, dancers from the Aztec group Circulo Solar Ollin Xochipilli will perform, South Valley native Deacon Leroy Sanchez of Rio Rancho will say a blessing and children will throw rose petals on the waters of the nearby acequia.
Each year, a different family in the community has the honor of safeguarding the statue in their home and keeping it supplied with corn and atole, a cornmeal drink, said Santiago Maestas, president of the South Valley Regional Association of Acequias.
Maestas said anyone is welcome to join the procession and offer a blessing.
A big feature of the procession is a statue of the saint, his oxen and an angel. “We have even had a Buddhist blessing,” Maestas said.
In Corrales, residents will be celebrating the saint’s day on Sunday, May 15, as well as the 50th anniversary of the San Ysidro Catholic church at 5015 Corrales Road.
Following 10 a.m. Mass, there will be a procession to the Historic Old San Ysidro Church at 804 Old Church Road.
Volunteers will carry a statue of the saint and Matachines dancers from Bernalillo will perform. After a blessing ceremony at the old church, the procession will return to the current church where there will be festivities until 5 p.m.
The community of Agua Fria, near Santa Fe, will celebrate on Sunday with Mass at San Isidro church. Afterward, a procession with music and song will head north from the church community center to where the street crosses over the Santa Fe River.
A local priest will lead prayers asking for good rains and bless flowers that children will then throw into the river. The priest will also bless donated packages of seeds and hand them out to those in attendance.
Leon Tafoya of San Fidel, a tiny rural community near Grants, said his community will celebrate San Ysidro’s feast day with a potluck dinner, a blessing of the Acequia San Jose de la Cienega, and casting rose petals upon the water.